6 And I will cast abominable filth upon thee, and make thee vile, and will set thee as a gazingstock.
“Abominable filth,” the Hebrew word is almost always in relation to idolatry; the names of their gods would be drug through the dung heaps and manure piles. In ancient times, for a people to be defeated meant their gods were defeated as well by the conquerors gods. Just as people stared in disbelief as Assyria marched their captives away in a horrid fashion, so too would Babylon do such to them.
That is the trouble with a reputation of extreme acts of humiliation and dehumanization of an enemy. Woe upon them if the tables ever is turned, for what they did to others will be done to them in a more extreme fashion than they could imagine. To capture a beast that one once feared is to unleash every ounce of anger upon it. The word “gazing stock” means to be made a public example of.
7 And it shall come to pass, that all they that look upon thee shall flee from thee, and say, Nineveh is laid waste: who will bemoan her? whence shall I seek comforters for thee?
For Assyria to be overthrown is to now fear and run from the ones who conquered them! To look upon the humiliated Assyrians is to flee before the Babylonians get a hold of you and do that to you. But we see the same will be said in the future of Babylon.
Rev. 18:4-19 And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues. For her sins have reached unto heaven, and God hath remembered her iniquities. Reward her even as she rewarded you, and double unto her double according to her works: in the cup which she hath filled fill to her double. How much she hath glorified herself, and lived deliciously, so much torment and sorrow give her: for she saith in her heart, I sit a queen, and am no widow, and shall see no sorrow. Therefore shall her plagues come in one day, death, and mourning, and famine; and she shall be utterly burned with fire: for strong is the Lord God who judgeth her. And the kings of the earth, who have committed fornication and lived deliciously with her, shall bewail her, and lament for her, when they shall see the smoke of her burning, Standing afar off for the fear of her torment, saying, Alas, alas that great city Babylon, that mighty city! for in one hour is thy judgment come. And the merchants of the earth shall weep and mourn over her; for no man buyeth their merchandise any more: The merchandise of gold, and silver, and precious stones, and of pearls, and fine linen, and purple, and silk, and scarlet, and all thyine wood, and all manner vessels of ivory, and all manner vessels of most precious wood, and of brass, and iron, and marble, And cinnamon, and odours, and ointments, and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat, and beasts, and sheep, and horses, and chariots, and slaves, and souls of men. And the fruits that thy soul lusted after are departed from thee, and all things which were dainty and goodly are departed from thee, and thou shalt find them no more at all. The merchants of these things, which were made rich by her, shall stand afar off for the fear of her torment, weeping and wailing, And saying, Alas, alas that great city, that was clothed in fine linen, and purple, and scarlet, and decked with gold, and precious stones, and pearls! For in one hour so great riches is come to nought. And every shipmaster, and all the company in ships, and sailors, and as many as trade by sea, stood afar off, And cried when they saw the smoke of her burning, saying, What city is like unto this great city! And they cast dust on their heads, and cried, weeping and wailing, saying, Alas, alas that great city, wherein were made rich all that had ships in the sea by reason of her costliness! for in one hour is she made desolate.
8 Art thou better than populous No, that was situate among the rivers, that had the waters round about it, whose rampart was the sea, and her wall was from the sea?
God asks through Nahum if Nineveh thinks her better than Thebes whom the Assyrians themselves sacked in 663 BCE.
“Nahum prophesied that Nineveh, the capital of Assyria, would be destroyed by God, just as No-Amon was pillaged by Assyrians in 663 BC (Nah. 3:8). Later Jeremiah (46:25) and Ezekiel (30:14-16) predicted the Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, would punish the king of Egypt, destroy the gods of Egypt, and bring further desolation to Thebes. This was proof that God had power over all nations and that their gods were powerless.” – Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary
9 Ethiopia and Egypt were her strength, and it was infinite; Put and Lubim were thy helpers.
Gen. 10:6-13 And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan. And the sons of Cush; Seba, and Havilah, and Sabtah, and Raamah, and Sabtechah: and the sons of Raamah; Sheba, and Dedan. And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be a mighty one in the earth. He was a mighty hunter before the LORD: wherefore it is said, Even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before the LORD. And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar. Out of that land went forth Asshur, and builded Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah, And Resen between Nineveh and Calah: the same is a great city. And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,
These nations were related to forefathers of Assyrians. Put and Lubim are thought possibly to be modern day Libya. They are often mentioned in connection with Egypt and Ethiopia.
II Chron. 12:3 With twelve hundred chariots, and threescore thousand horsemen: and the people were without number that came with him out of Egypt; the Lubims, the Sukkiims, and the Ethiopians.
Ezk. 27:10 They of Persia and of Lud and of Phut were in thine army, thy men of war: they hanged the shield and helmet in thee; they set forth thy comeliness.