Wednesday, November 8, 2017

Torah, Haftarah, Brit Chadasha #5 Chayei Sarah: "Life of Sarah" 5778/2017

RaYBaSH’s Torah Thought’s
Parashah #5: Chayei Sarah “Life of Sarah”
B’reshit (Genesis) 23:1-25:17
By: Yehudah ben Shomeyr


Chapter 23 begins this Torah Portion with the death of Sarah and Abraham’s purchase of a burial site for her.

In Chapter 24 Abraham makes arrangements to secure a wife for Yitzhak (Isaac) then the chapter goes into the story of Abraham’s most trusted and loyal servant Eleazar finding, with God’s help, a suitable wife for Abraham’s son and heir.

Chapter 25 ends the Parashah with Abraham’s line of children through Keturah, Abraham’s death, and Ishmael’s children and his death.


We continue with this weeks Torah Portion looking at Abraham: The most influential and pivotal character in all of the three major religions of the world: Judaism, Christianity and Islam, and the most pivotal and influential character in all of Scripture second only to Yeshua the Messiah. In fact we have seen that Abraham was type and picture of the Messiah.

It seems the story of Abraham’s life is riddled with trials and tribulations, hence another point where he is like the Messiah. Prophecy tells us that the Messiah will be called a MAN OF SORROWS.

Is. 53:3 “He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not.” (KJV) – bold italics added.

And indeed Yeshua was. But Abraham was too no less. Consequently Jewish Tradition speaks of the 10 Trials of Abraham:

“Throughout Jewish literature, the Sages make frequent reference to the ten trials of Abraham. Through them Abraham was accorded special status as servant of G-d and progenitor of the Jewish People. It's not entirely clear, however, exactly what the ten trials were. Many, of course, are evident from Scriptures -- Abraham's exile from his homeland for the Land of Israel, his willingness to sacrifice his beloved son Isaac. Others are a matter of dispute among the commentators. Below I list a total of 11 trials -- a combination of the opinions of Maimonides and Rabbeinu Yonah in their commentaries to our Mishnah, noting those trials which are a matter of dispute.
(1) Abraham's allowing himself to be cast into a fiery furnace by Nimrod for opposing the idolatry of his day. (Rabbeinu Yonah only.)
(2) Abraham, on G-d's instruction, leaving his family and homeland for the Land of Israel (Genesis 12:1).
(3) Abraham's forced exile to Egypt shortly after arriving in Israel as result of famine (ibid., v. 10). Rabbeinu Yonah explains that even though G-d promised Abraham blessings for moving to Israel -- and Abraham instead suffered hardship -- he bore no ill will towards G-d -- even in his heart.
(4) Sarah's abduction into Pharaoh's palace (ibid., v. 15).
(5) Abraham's battle against "the four kings" (Genesis 14). Abraham and his students battled the mightiest armies of the time for the sake of G- d's honor and in order to rescue his nephew Lot.
(6) Abraham's taking Hagar, Sarah's maidservant, as concubine after failing to have children with Sarah for so many years (16:1-3). (Maimonides only.)
(7) Abraham's being commanded to circumcise himself, in spite of his advanced age (ch. 17).
(8) Sarah's abduction into Avimelech's palace (20:2).
(9) Abraham's expelling of Hagar and Ishmael from his home -- on Sarah's instructions and G-d's sanction (21:9-14). Ishmael proved to be a wicked son who would have exerted a harmful influence on Isaac. As the Torah there attests, the incident was terribly distressing to Abraham, in part because he had to send his elder son away and in part because of the realization of his elder son's failings. (Maimonides lists the banishing of Hagar and Ishmael as two separate trials.)
(10) The binding and near slaughter of Isaac on Mount Moriah (22:1-19).
(11) Abraham's purchase of a burial plot for Sarah (ch. 23). After G-d many times promised Abraham the Land of Israel, he was forced to spend an exorbitant amount in purchase of a plot to bury his wife. (Rabbeinu Yonah only.)”  - Chapter 5, Mishna 4 By Rabbi Dovid Rosenfeld

Here we see Abraham mourning the loss of his beautiful and beloved wife Sarah, and we find him making funeral arrangements despite the cost.

“As the later verses reveal, Ephron’s public generosity was a sham. Not only had he no intention of making a gift, he hypocritically implied to Avraham that he expected an outrageously high price. As the sages put it, the righteous say little but do much, but the wicked promise much and perform not even a little. They would offer to anoint with oil from an empty flask.” – Stone’s Edition of the Tanach commentary on Gen. 23:11
“Said Rabbi Judan the son of Rabbi Simon: This is one of the three places regarding which the nations of the world cannot accuse Israel and say, "You have stolen them." The three places are: the Cave of Machpeilah, the site of the Holy Temple, and the tomb of Joseph at Shechem. The cave of Machpeilah, as it is written: "And Abraham weighed to Ephron the silver"; The Temple: "So David gave to Ornan for the place six hundred shekels of gold" (I Chronicles 21:25). And Joseph s tomb: "And [Jacob] bought the parcel of land (at Shechem) for a hundred pieces of silver (Genesis 33:19).”-- Midrash Rabbah, Genesis 33:19

“As per Leviticus 27:16, a field the size of a beit-kur, which is the equivolent of 75,000 square cubits, represents a value of 50 silver shekels. Thus, the size of the field which Abraham purchased for 400 silver shekels was eight kur, or 600,000 square cubits.
A square cubit (approx. 20 inches by 20 inches) is the space occupied by a single person. This means that Abraham purchased a plot of land that provides an individual "space" for each of the 600,000 souls of Israel.” -- Paaneach Raza

“Our sages tell us that the Torah contains 600,000 letters (counting the spaces between letters), for each Jew possesses something of the Torah. The same is true of the Land of Israel. Israel is the eternal inheritance of the Jewish people, equally the property of every individual Jew. And so it has been from the very first moment of Jewish ownership of the Holy Land: the first plot of land obtained by the first Jew included a share for every Jewish soul.”--The Lubavitcher Rebbe

We can deduce from this that Abraham was not only “a man of sorrows acquainted with grief,” but also a man of:
·       DIGNITY, PRIDE, HONOR, and RESPECT for the living and the dead.
·       He was a PROVIDER for his family in life and in death.
·       And a GOOD HUSBAND in life and in death.
I had failed to mention in previous Torah Portions that Abraham was a PROTECTOR to Sarah and Yitzhak (Isaac), keeping them, and protecting them from present and potential dangers.
·       Lying to protect Sarah’s sexual purity and honor.
·       Sending Ishmael away from Yitzhak (Isaac).
·       Protecting and rescuing Lot.
And in paying the exorbant amount, we see Abraham was a HUMBLE, MAN OF HIS WORD, TRUTHFUL, TRUSTWORTHY, and BUISNESSMAN.

 Gen. 24:1-4 “And Abraham was old, and well stricken in age: and the LORD had blessed Abraham in all things. And Abraham said unto his eldest servant of his house, that ruled over all that he had, Put, I pray thee, thy hand under my thigh: And I will make thee swear by the LORD, the God of heaven, and the God of the earth, that thou shalt not take a wife unto my son of the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I dwell: But thou shalt go unto my country, and to my kindred, and take a wife unto my son Isaac.” (KJV)

Abraham knew that to Yitzhak (Isaac), that it was to whom the line of the Seed of Promise was to come, the Messiah. To keep the linage pure he not only wanted Yitzhak (Isaac) to marry close within the family, but also he understood that the spiritual linage couldn’t be tainted with the pagan Canaanite cults. If Judaism and the Jewish people were to continue he had to insure that Yitzhak (Isaac) would have a willing, supportive spouse just like Sarah was, and in fact the Rabbi’s and Sages say that Rivkah (Rebecca) was almost identical to Sarah in most every way. After all Rivkah (Rebecca) was Sarah’s niece.

“"And Isaac brought her into the tent--his mother Sarah" implying that when she came into the tent she became, in effect, his mother Sarah.
For as long as Sarah lived, a cloud (signifying the divine presence) hung over her tent; when she died, the cloud disappeared; but when Rebecca came, it returned.
As long as Sarah lived, her doors were wide open; at her death that openhandedness ceased; but when Rebecca came, it returned.
As long as Sarah lived, there was a blessing on her dough, and the lamp used to burn from the evening of the Sabbath until the evening of the following Sabbath; when she died, these ceased; but when Rebecca came, they returned.” -- Midrash Rabbah; Rashi

Here we find Abraham was a:
·       FUTURIST
·       OPTIMIST
·       A man of PREPARATION
·       And a TEACHER
No doubt instilling within Yitzhak (Isaac) the importance of his role and the responsibility he had to the future of the Jewish people and the Jewish Faith. No doubt he instilled within him the Torah.
And for Eleazar to be so willing, loyal, and humble to do this great and weighty task for Abraham without even a hint of resentment or jealousy (for before Yitzhak (Isaac), he, Eleazar was to inherit Abraham’s estate) shows that Abraham was loved, honored, and respected by all his servants. From this we can conclude he was, as I like to call, a SHEPHARD KING. In other words he led by example, he was a servant to his servants, just like Yeshua.

John 13:4-5, 14-17 “He riseth from supper, and laid aside his garments; and took a towel, and girded himself. After that he poureth water into a bason, and began to wash the disciples' feet, and to wipe them with the towel wherewith he was girded…If I then, your Lord and Master, have washed your feet; ye also ought to wash one another's feet. For I have given you an example, that ye should do as I have done to you. Verily, verily, I say unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord; neither he that is sent greater than he that sent him. If ye know these things, happy are ye if ye do them.” (KJV)

Let us return to out Parashah text:

 Gen. 25:1 “Then again Abraham took a wife, and her name was Keturah.”

According to Jewish Tradition Keturah was Hagar who converted (thus the name change) to Judaism and thus Abraham took her back after Sarah’s death seeing as she never married after Abraham. If she did, she would have been unable according to Torah to remarry and or return Abraham.
The Midrash; Rashi says:

“Abraham remarried Keturah (Hagar), who was given this name because her deeds were as beautiful as incense (ketores), and because she had remained chaste (Keturah is Aramaic for restrained) from the time she was separated from Avraham.”

In the book of Jasher we see what a GOOD FATHER Abraham was to Ishmael, even thought they were separated from each other.

Jasher  21:22-48 “And in some time after, Abraham said to Sarah his wife, I will go and see my son Ishmael, for I have a desire to see him, for I have not seen him for a long time. And Abraham rode upon one of his camels to the wilderness to seek his son Ishmael, for he heard that he was dwelling in a tent in the wilderness with all belonging to him. And Abraham went to the wilderness, and he reached the tent of Ishmael about noon, and he asked after Ishmael, and he found the wife of Ishmael sitting in the tent with her children, and Ishmael her husband and his mother were not with them. And Abraham asked the wife of Ishmael, saying, Where has Ishmael gone? and she said, He has gone to the field to hunt, and Abraham was still mounted upon the camel, for he would not get off to the ground as he had sworn to his wife Sarah that he would not get off from the camel. And Abraham said to Ishmael's wife, My daughter, give me a little water that I may drink, for I am fatigued from the journey. And Ishmael's wife answered and said to Abraham, We have neither water nor bread, and she continued sitting in the tent and did not notice Abraham, neither did she ask him who he was. But she was beating her children in the tent, and she was cursing them, and she also cursed her husband Ishmael and reproached him, and Abraham heard the words of Ishmael's wife to her children, and he was very angry and displeased. And Abraham called to the woman to come out to him from the tent, and the woman came and stood opposite to Abraham, for Abraham was still mounted upon the camel. And Abraham said to Ishmael's wife, When thy husband Ishmael returneth home say these words to him, A very old man from the land of the Philistines came hither to seek thee, and thus was his appearance and figure; I did not ask him who he was, and seeing thou wast not here he spoke unto me and said, When Ishmael thy husband returneth tell him thus did this man say, When thou comest home put away this nail of the tent which thou hast placed here, and place another nail in its stead. And Abraham finished his instructions to the woman, and he turned and went off on the camel homeward. And after that Ishmael came from the chase he and his mother, and returned to the tent, and his wife spoke these words to him, A very old man from the land of the Philistines came to seek thee, and thus was his appearance and figure; I did not ask him who he was, and seeing thou wast not at home he said to me, When thy husband cometh home tell him, thus saith the old man, Put away the nail of the tent which thou hast placed here and place another nail in its stead. And Ishmael heard the words of his wife, and he knew that it was his father, and that his wife did not honor him. And Ishmael understood his father's words that he had spoken to his wife, and Ishmael hearkened to the voice of his father, and Ishmael cast off that woman and she went away. And Ishmael afterward went to the land of Canaan, and he took another wife and he brought her to his tent to the place where he then dwelt. And at the end of three years Abraham said, I will go again and see Ishmael my son, for I have not seen him for a long time. And he rode upon his camel and went to the wilderness, and he reached the tent of Ishmael about noon. And he asked after Ishmael, and his wife came out of the tent and she said, He is not here my lord, for he has gone to hunt in the fields, and to feed the camels, and the woman said to Abraham, Turn in my lord into the tent, and eat a morsel of bread, for thy soul must be wearied on account of the journey. And Abraham said to her, I will not stop for I am in haste to continue my journey, but give me a little water to drink, for I have thirst; and the woman hastened and ran into the tent and she brought out water and bread to Abraham, which she placed before him and she urged him to eat, and he ate and drank and his heart was comforted and he blessed his son Ishmael. And he finished his meal and he blessed the Lord, and he said to Ishmael's wife, When Ishmael cometh home say these words to him, A very old man from the land of the Philistines came hither and asked after thee, and thou wast not here; and I brought him out bread and water and he ate and drank and his heart was comforted. And he spoke these words to me: When Ishmael thy husband cometh home, say unto him, The nail of the tent which thou hast is very good, do not put it away from the tent. And Abraham finished commanding the woman, and he rode off to his home to the land of the Philistines; and when Ishmael came to his tent his wife went forth to meet him with joy and a cheerful heart. And she said to him, An old man came here from the land of the Philistines and thus was his appearance, and he asked after thee and thou wast not here, so I brought out bread and water, and he ate and drank and his heart was comforted  And he spoke these words to me, When Ishmael thy husband cometh home say to him, The nail of the tent which thou hast is very good, do not put it away from the tent And Ishmael knew that it was his father, and that his wife had honored him, and the Lord blessed Ishmael.”

It is my dream and desire that the two sons of Abraham can come and fellowship in peace once again seeing as we have the same father. That, instead of burying Abraham, we can bury “the hatchet” and fellowship in such away that we, “Agree to disagree agreeably.”

Gen. 25:7-10 “And these are the days of the years of Abraham's life which he lived, an hundred threescore and fifteen years. Then Abraham gave up the ghost, and died in a good old age, an old man, and full of years; and was gathered to his people. And his sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah, in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar the Hittite, which is before Mamre; The field which Abraham purchased of the sons of Heth: there was Abraham buried, and Sarah his wife.” (KJV)

Jasher 26:29 “And it was at that time that Abraham died, in the fifteenth year of the life of Jacob and Esau, the sons of Isaac, and all the days of Abraham were one hundred and seventy-five years, and he died and was gathered to his people in good old age, old and satisfied with days, and Isaac and Ishmael his sons buried him.”
 Shabbat Shalom and Shavuah Tov!
-- Yehudah ben Shomeyr

RaYBaSH’s Haftarah Hashings
Haftarah # 5 Chayei Sarah “Life of Sarah”
I Kings 1:1-31
By Yehudah ben Shomeyr

I Kings 1:17 “And she said unto him, My lord, thou swarest by the L-RD thy G-d unto thine handmaid, saying, Assuredly Solomon thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne.
 30Even as I sware unto thee by the L-RD G-d of Israel, saying, Assuredly Solomon thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne in my stead; even so will I certainly do this day.
 31Then Bathsheba bowed with her face to the earth, and did reverence to the king, and said, Let my lord king David live for ever.” (KJV)

Just as the mantel of the Patriarchal headship and leadership of the Jewish faith and people was passed on to Abaraham to Yitzhak (Isaac), so in I Kings the mantel of Kingship over the Jewish people was passed down from David Ha Melek (King David) to Shlomo Ha Melek (King Solomon), for the preservation of the Torah and the seed, the Messiah that was to come.

Matthew 1:17 “So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; and from David until the carrying away into Babylon are fourteen generations; and from the carrying away into Babylon unto Christ (Messiah) are fourteen generations.” (KJV)

In both cases, the passing of Headship was ordained by ADONAI Himself. And nothing can stand in the way of that, not Ishmael, nor Adoniyah.
Shabbat Shalom and Shavuah Tov
--  Yehudah ben Shomeyr

RaYBaSH’s Brit Chadashah Connections
Parahsha # 5 Chayei Sarah “Life of Sarah”
Matt. 1:1-17
By: Rabbi Yehudah ben Shomeyr

Matt. 1:1 “The book of the generation of Jesus Christ (Yeshua the Messiah), the son of David, the son of Abraham.

6And Jesse begat David the king; and David the king begat Solomon of her that had been the wife of Urias;
 16And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus (Yeshua), who is called Christ (Messiah).
 17So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; and from David until the carrying away into Babylon are fourteen generations; and from the carrying away into Babylon unto Christ (Messiah) are fourteen generations.” (KJV) (Parenthesis mine)

The Patriarchal mantel and Royal scepter of the head of the Jewish People has culminated in and rested upon the Messiah.
Not only the Patriarchal mantel and Royal Crown has been bestowed upon Messiah Yeshua, but he Breastplate of the Kohen (Priesthood) representing the head of the Jewish Faith has been passed onto Messiah Yeshua.

Heb. 5:4-10 “And no man taketh this honour unto himself, but he that is called of God, as was Aaron. So also Christ (Messiah) glorified not himself to be made an high priest; but he that said unto him, Thou art my Son, today have I begotten thee. As he saith also in another place, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec. Who in the days of his flesh, when he had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears unto him that was able to save him from death, and was heard in that he feared; Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience by the things which he suffered; And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him; Called of God an high priest after the order of Melchisedec.” (KJV) (Parenthesis mine)

Remember, as I have said many times before in past Parashot, the Melkezidekian Priesthood DOES NOT replace the Levitical Priesthood, it is simply a higher and older order of priesthood which in the Time to Come will work side by side and hand in hand.
Ishmael, Adoniyah, and not even Herod was able to stop this.
Shabbat Shalom and Shavuah Tov!
-- Rabbi Yehudah

Thursday, November 2, 2017

Torah, Haftarah, Brit Chadasha # 4: Vayeira: “And He Appeared” 5778/2017

RaYBaSH’s Torah Thought’s
Parashah # 4: Vayeira: “And He Appeared”
B’reshit (Genesis) 18:1-22:24
By: Yehudah ben Shomeyr
Ch18: GOD and a couple of angles visit Abraham in the guise of 3 strangers.  And despite Abraham still healing up from his circumcision at age 99, he doesn’t hesitate to be a good host and serve his guests as was his custom.  Here GOD promises Abraham that a year from now that he’ll have a son, the promised one through his wife Sarah.

Here God reveals to Abraham His intentions to destroy Sodom and Gomorrah.  Abraham tries to bargain with GOD not to destroy the city if there be 10 righteous people in it, but to no avail.  No such 10 were found.

 Ch19:  However, GOD dispatches his two angels to get Lot and his family out before He destroys it.  While there the men of the city mob Lot’s house in an attempt to cease and rape his heavenly guests.  While trying to negotiate with the mob the angels strike the men with blindness.

Lot and his family flee the city to a cave, and his wife on the way looks back, despite the command not to, and is turned into a pillar of salt.

For fear of not finding husbands and procreating, Lots two daughters get him drunk and they end up becoming pregnant by him, to produce two of Israel’s greatest enemies:  The Ammonites and the Moabites.

Ch 20:  Abraham moves to Gerar where the Philistine King Abimelech takes Sarah into his harem, honestly thinking it was Abraham’s sister.  But God reveals the truth to Abimelech in a dream and warns him to give her back or die!  Abimelech confronts Abraham about this and Abraham explains that he lied for fear of being killed for Sarah on account of her beauty.

Ch.21:  Yitzhak (Isaac) is born.  Hagar and Ishmael are expelled, yet GOD saves them and promises to make Ishmael into a great man and a great nation.

Ch 22:  Abraham attempts to sacrifice Yitzhak (Isaac) upon GOD’s command.

Abraham gets word that a daughter has been born unto his nephew Bethuel, which is Rivkah (Rebecca), Yitzhak’s (Isaac’s) future wife!


Gen. 18:1 “And the LORD appeared unto him in the plains of Mamre: and he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day;” (KJV)

We find Abraham in the opening passage sitting at the door of his tent in the heat of the day only 3 days after his circumcision, which is the most painful day after the circumcision. He see Avraham Avinu (Abraham our Father) is carrying on, business as usual. He is as Scripture and Tradition indicates, looking for strangers and sojourners to entertain. As we brought out in last weeks Parashah, Abraham was a man of HOSPITALITY and EVANGELISM:

“Gen. 13:18 Then Abram removed his tent, and came and dwelt in the plain of Mamre, which is in Hebron, and built there an altar unto the LORD. (KJV)
I would like to mention briefly a trait that will be touched upon greater in the Parashot to come, and that is one of HOSPITALITY.
Abraham is well known in the Jewish and Muslim world for his hospitality. And you though Southern Hospitality was great. Well, you haven’t experienced hospitality until you have experienced it Middle Eastern style. They literally go out of their way sparing no expense to honor you as a guest. They slaughtered their fatted calf even if it meant that they later on would have to do without. You are pampered, treated like royalty. Your feet would be washed, the best food, drink, and dinner ware would be put out for you, and at the end of the evening you would have an undying faithful friend who would give his life for you if need be. But, on the flip side you certainly don’t want a Middle Easterner to be your enemy as you will see in Gen. 14.
Jewish Legend and Traditions states that Abraham had the habit of opening all four corners of his tent to be able to see strangers coming from any direction so he could prepare entertain them. He would sit under the trees of Mamre waiting for passersby’s to entertain. We see a Scriptural example of this when he entertained the 3 strangers 3 days after his circumcision, which is the most painful day of the whole ordeal (Gen. 18). While he would entertain strangers he would in the process tell them of the One true G-d and thus he was also a MISSIONARY of sorts. 
Said Reish Lakish: Read not "and he called (vayikra)" but "and he made others call (vayakrei)." This is to teach us that Abraham caused God's name to be spoken in the mouths of all passerby. How so? After they ate and drank [in his home], they made to bless him. Said he to them: "Have you eaten of mine? Your food has been provided by the G-d of the world! Thank, praise and bless He who spoke the world into being!"-- Talmud, Sotah 10a
When Abraham's guests wished to bless him for his generosity, he would say to them: Has the food you have eaten been provided by myself? You should thank, praise and bless He who spoke the world into being! If they refused Abraham would demand payment for the food they had eaten. How much do I owe you? they would ask. A jug of wine is one furlin, Abraham would say; a pound of meat, one furlin; a loaf of bread, one furlin. When the guest would protest these exorbitant prices, Abraham would counter: Who supplies you with wine in the middle of the desert? Who supplies you with meat in the desert? Who supplies you with bread in the desert? When the guest would realize the predicament he was in he would relent and proclaim: Blessed be the G-d of the world, from whose providence we have eaten. -- Midrash Rabbah; Tosofot Shantz on Sotah 10”

This is what the Talmud says about Gen. 18:1:

It was the third day from Abraham's circumcision, and God came to inquire after Abraham's health.
God drew the sun out of its sheath, so that the righteous one should not be troubled with wayfarers. Abraham sent Eliezer out [to seek travelers], but he found none. Said Abraham, "I do not believe you," and himself went out, and saw God standing at the door. -- Talmud, Bava Metzia 86b

Gen. 18:2 “And he lift up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three men stood by him: and when he saw them, he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed himself toward the ground,
 3 And said, My LORD, if now I have found favour in thy sight, pass not away, I pray thee, from thy servant:” (KJV)

The Scriptures, no matter what version you choose to use is quite clear on the identification of who the strangers were despite what Jewish tradition may say they are.
One of the 3 seems to be the leader of the group. And Abraham addresses Him as YHWH (LORD), God’s personal name. In the King James whenever the word lord is capitalized this indicates that it is the sacred name. Many Jewish versions of Scripture will either have HaShem, meaning the Name, or Adonai, the Hebrew substitute for the Name YHWH.
Most of Natsari Judaism holds to the belief that this is, as in the Gan Eden, as with Shimson’s (Samson’s) parents, that this is Yeshua the Messiah in “Pre-incarnate” form, for lack of a better term. Whenever the text says, “Angel of the LORD” or “the Word of the LORD,” this is code, so to speak, to indicate that this is Yeshua the Messiah that was to come. After all we believe that Yeshua was the agent who spoke the world into existence according to Gen. 1 and John 1. And Yeshua, the Word can be called YHWH as Abraham called Him because Yeshua the Messiah said, He and the Father (YHWH) are One (John. 17).
Let me elaborate of our beliefs concerning YHWH before any further confusion can ensue:

“Concerning what most of Christianity refers to as the “Trinity”, (I refer to it as a Tri-unity) I believe that Elohim (God) reveals Himself in many ways, characteristics and Sefirot, including, but not limited to, Abba (the Father), the Word / the Ben (Son), and the Ruach Ha Kodesh (Holy Spirit).  And I believe that these emanations from Elohim are coeternal, coequal, and coexisting in one (echad) Divine essence.

The Seforitic Tree consists of many charts and formulas, and lists many of HaShem’s attributes, so I will not get into that.  That is not the purpose of this work.  However, I will say that there is a concept referred to as the “Three Pillars”, which consist of Binah: Understanding, Keter: Crown, and Chochmah: Wisdom.  The Sages refer to them as: Binah as the Father/Abba, Chochmah as the Mother/Imma, and Keter as their Son/Ben.  And these in turn would coincide with the concept of the Tri-unity of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.  It is interesting to note that the word for Holy Spirit in the Hebrew is Feminine, which would lend credence to the “Three Pillars” of the Seforitic Tree of Binah being Mother/Imma.  In another place of Kabalistic literature, there are references to the Lesser YHWH, which describes Yahshua Messiah uncannily.

  I DO NOT adhere to nor believe in tritheism or modalism, these beliefs are INACURATE and HERETICAL!  

“It is entirely tolerable to the Hebraic mind to accept a paradox.  To the non-Hebraic mind, the paradox is seen as blatant contradiction, and is summarily dismissed as nonsense.” – Bikurei Tziyon, issue 71, pg.29” – Get back to the First Century

The other two beings that were with ADONAI are angels sent to fetch Lot and his family from Sodom. We can not be for certain whom these angels were but we can make and educated guess. Tradition and the usual assignments of the named angels in Scripture seem to indicate that the two angels were; Gabriel, the messenger angel who came to warn Lot and his family, and Michael, the warring angel.
This is what the Talmud says concerning the identity of these angels. However I disagree that Raphael was there. I believe Raphael the healing angels, exists, although he is not mentioned in Canonical Scriptures, but he is mentioned in Apocryphal literature.

“Who were the three men? The angels Michael, Gabriel, and Raphael. Michael ("Who is like God?") came to bring the tidings to Sarah of Isaac's birth; Raphael ("Healing of God"), to heal Abraham; and Gabriel ("Might of God"), to overturn Sodom. But is it not written, "And there came the two angels to Sodom at evening"? Michael accompanied Gabriel to rescue Lot.” -- Talmud, Bava Metzia 86b

The reason I do not believe Raphael was there was because Abraham calls one of them YHWH, who we have already established is the pre-incarnate Messiah, who has been deemed by many as the “Great Physician,” He, no doubt could heal Abraham.

Gen. 18:4-8 “Let a little water, I pray you, be fetched, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree: And I will fetch a morsel of bread, and comfort ye your hearts; after that ye shall pass on: for therefore are ye come to your servant. And they said, So do, as thou hast said. And Abraham hastened into the tent unto Sarah, and said, Make ready quickly three measures of fine meal, knead it, and make cakes upon the hearth. And Abraham ran unto the herd, and fetcht a calf tender and good, and gave it unto a young man; and he hasted to dress it. And he took butter, and milk, and the calf which he had dressed, and set it before them; and he stood by them under the tree, and they did eat.” (KJV)

Abraham was not only a man of Faith but a man of DEDICATION. He was dedicated to his mission and calling, to care for desert travelers. He didn’t use his pain and affliction as an excuse not to entertain guests. Can you imagine if Abraham told the strangers, “Sorry fella’s, I just had minor surgery and I am in no condition to entertain you, maybe I can help you next time you pass this way.” He would have missed out on entertaining angels, and ADONAI Himself! He would have missed out on the prophecy and the blessing of the son of Promise that was to be born unto him through Sarah!
As Rav Sha’ul said:

Hebrews 13:1-2 Let brotherly love continue. Be not forgetful to entertain strangers: for thereby some have entertained angels unawares. (KJV)

Perhaps he was thinking of this very passage when he penned those words through the inspiration of the Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit). For he know Avraham Avinu was a man of HOSPITALITY and LOVE.
Every Patriarch and Prophet seemed to model themselves after, and embody the Father of our Faith, the first Hebrew, and the first Jew. Abraham was a foreshadow and type of Moshe (Moses), and Messiah that was to come.
As we see Abraham spared no luxury or expense in entertaining these strangers, this heavenly entourage.

Abraham is well known in the Jewish and Muslim world for his hospitality. And you though Southern Hospitality was great. Well, you haven’t experienced hospitality until you have experienced it Middle Eastern style. They literally go out of their way sparing no expense to honor you as a guest. They slaughtered their fatted calf even if it meant that they later on would have to do without. You are pampered, treated like royalty. Your feet would be washed, the best food, drink, and dinner ware would be put out for you, and at the end of the evening you would have an undying faithful friend who would give his life for you if need be. But, on the flip side you certainly don’t want a Middle Easterner to be your enemy …” – RaYBaSH’s Torah Thoughts #3 Lech Lecha

I would also like to add when one entertains strangers in the Middle East, when you take them into your home you are also bound to protect your guests with you very life if necessary. We see this portrayed in Gen. 19 when Lot attempts to protect the angelic visitors, who ironically end up protecting him and his family!
Most of my readers know very well the message of the LORD to Abraham was that he would have a son. So I will skip this passage in order to further bring out the attributes of Abraham our forefather.
However, before we totally leave this subject alone I would like to elaborate on what we call today as, “little white lies” In most circles of Christianity it is not acceptable regardless the situation. However Judaism see it a bit differently:

Gen. 18:12-13 “Therefore Sarah laughed within herself, saying, After I am waxed old shall I have pleasure, my lord being old also? And the LORD said unto Abraham, Wherefore did Sarah laugh, saying, Shall I of a surety bear a child, which am old?” (KJV)

Here we catch the Almighty in a “lie by omission”; some may call it a, “little white lie.” Sarah calls Abraham old.
This is what Rashi, one of the greatest and most beloved Torah commentators has to say about these verses:

13. Is it really true. Is it really true that I will give birth?- although I am old. Scripture altered [her statement] for the sake of peace, for she had said, “and my master is old.” - from B.M. 87a

In other words ADONAI did not want to disclose to Abraham everything Sarah said, because she said Abraham was old. God did not want to hurt Abraham’s feelings, pride or dignity, nor cause an argument between husband and wife on account of being “truthful” about Sarah’s comment.
In Judaism, to embarrass someone, or to hurt someone’s feelings is equivalent to murder. For by embarrassment or anger, blood rushes to the surface of the skin (blushing) and it is counted as if you had shed that blood in a murderous way.  Speaking badly about someone to hurt them, even if it may be true is called, “La Shone Hara” (the evil tongue) and it was punishable by God inflicting Tza’arets (Leprosy) upon the perpetrator. This is what happened to Miriam Moshe’s (Moses’) sister when she spoke badly about his marriage to the Ethiopian woman (Num. 12). Today the Rabbi’s and Sages say that the Leprosy is now on our souls and not our flesh.
In last weeks Torah Portion it was brought out that Abraham was a man of:
·       FAITH
·       ACTION
·       HUMILITY
·       BRAVERY and
·       LOVE
And this week we see he was a man of DEDICATION.  But also he was a man of COMPASSION.

 Gen. 18:17-21 “And the LORD said, Shall I hide from Abraham that thing which I do; Seeing that Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him? For I know him, that he will command his children and his household after him, and they shall keep the way of the L-RD, to do justice and judgment; that the L-RD may bring upon Abraham that which he hath spoken of him. And the L-RD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous; I will go down now, and see whether they have done altogether according to the cry of it, which is come unto me; and if not, I will know.” (KJV)

When Abraham learns of the impending doom of these cities, Abraham we see is not only concerned for his nephew Lot and his kindred, but I believe also even the wicked of this city.
The reputation of Sodom has been down played in Canonical Scriptures for simply being a place rife with sexual immorality. But this wasn’t even the half of it.
It is well established that Sodom and Gomorrah is know for its homosexuality and sins of a sexual nature. However, their sin was deeper than just carnal indulgences and therefore wasn’t the only reason for it’s destruction by ADONAI.

“According to Legends of the Bible (the Book of Jasher, and the Talmud) Sodom was such a wicked city without care or compassion for the human plight that the poor and travelers were forbidden by law to be given food or shelter. You could be executed for giving food or shelter to anyone not a native of the city. As a result the poor and the traveler would have to sleep out in the city square and be subject to theft, rape, beatings, and murder.
It is said that one of Lot’s daughters (Plotit) born to him shortly after his rescue by his Uncle Avram and his men, gave pity to a poor fellow by giving him food and was therefore burned alive on a pyre for breaking the law.
Another account tells of a rich mans daughter giving food and water to a stranger and was therefore drenched in honey and was stung to death by various insects and her heart rending cries was ignored by the people but not God. This was the last straw for which God resolved to destroy Sodom.” – RaYBaSH’s Torah Thought’s #3: Lech Lecah (Bold italics added)

In verses 22-33 so humbly and eloquently bargains with God to spare the city if for no one else’s sake, for Lot and his family and possibly a few righteous strangers or converts that may be there. But alas, no one but Lot and his own family was righteous.
For at best Abraham thought that Lot and his clan would only account for 8 people, just like Noah and his family. Lot his wife and three daughters and their mates. The Torah only records 2 daughters, because of according to one Jewish legend one daughter of Lot was executed for showing pity on a stranger. But alas we see that not even 2 people besides Lot’s family was deemed righteous enough to spare the city from destruction. We later find out that only 3 escape from Sodom; Lot and two of his daughters. Lots wife (whose name according to Jasher was Ado) turned to a pillar of salt, and Lot’s daughter’s betrothed mates didn’t come with them.

 II Pet. 2:5-10 “And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth person, a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly; And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha into ashes condemned them with an overthrow, making them an ensample unto those that after should live ungodly; And delivered just Lot, vexed with the filthy conversation of the wicked: (For that righteous man dwelling among them, in seeing and hearing, vexed his righteous soul from day to day with their unlawful deeds;) The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished: But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government. Presumptuous are they, selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities.” (KJV)

Here verse 7 of II Peter 5 states that Lot was “just” the same Hebrew word meaning, RIGHTOUS. So it appears that perhaps only Lot was righteous.
According to Legends of the Bible by Louis Ginzberg:

“The destruction of the cities of the plains took place at dawn of the 16 day of Nisan…”

There were sun and moon worshippers in these cities and so one wouldn’t think the sun or the moon god did this, ADONAI chose this date because the sun and moon were both visible at dawn on this day to let the inhabitance of these cities know that It was the God who was in control of both sun and moon who did this, the One true God, the God of Abraham!
It is of no coincidence that these events happened during the week of Passover, the Feast of Unleavened bread. Here is another Scriptural hint that this was so.

Gen.19:3 And he pressed upon them greatly; and they turned in unto him, and entered into his house; and he made them a feast, and did bake unleavened bread, and they did eat. (KJV)

So we see that Abraham had a compassion that even Noach (Noah) did not have:

 “The Zohar compares the actions of two righteous men, Noah and Abraham, when confronted with the knowledge that God intends to destroy their fellow human beings for their wickedness. Noah set about building an ark that would shelter the handful of righteous individuals remaining in a corrupt world. In addition, the Midrash describes how he tried to convince his generation to mend their ways and thus be saved from the Divine decree. But the Zohar faults Noah for not also praying for their sake, as Abraham did for the wicked inhabitants of Sodom.” – Parasha in Depth from

 Gen. 19:30-38 And Lot went up out of Zoar, and dwelt in the mountain, and his two daughters with him; for he feared to dwell in Zoar: and he dwelt in a cave, he and his two daughters. And the firstborn said unto the younger, Our father is old, and there is not a man in the earth to come in unto us after the manner of all the earth: Come, let us make our father drink wine, and we will lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father. And they made their father drink wine that night: and the firstborn went in, and lay with her father; and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when she arose. And it came to pass on the morrow, that the firstborn said unto the younger, Behold, I lay yesternight with my father: let us make him drink wine this night also; and go thou in, and lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father. And they made their father drink wine that night also: and the younger arose, and lay with him; and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when she arose. Thus were both the daughters of Lot with child by their father. And the first born bare a son, and called his name Moab: the same is the father of the Moabites unto this day. And the younger, she also bare a son, and called his name Benammi: the same is the father of the children of Ammon unto this day.” (KJV)

Now Lot’s daughters are looked down upon, or even as wicked for having children by their father. But Jasher gives us a little more insight into this event. It was a hard, yet noble and well meaning decision they made in doing this. For they thought they were the only survivors left on earth. Therefore it fell upon them to repopulate the earth, and they didn’t figure their father would consent to this act. So as not to let the human race die out, they got their father drunk and were impregnated by him.

Jasher 19:57 “And Lot and his two daughters remained in the cave, and they made their father drink wine, and they lay with him, for they said there was no man upon earth that could raise up seed from them, for they thought that the whole earth was destroyed.”

This is to show us that even when we act with good intentions without knowing all the facts, we can create a situation of lasting problems. For we see that the Ammonites and the Moabites become a continual thorn in the flesh for Abraham’s seed Israel.

Sure Abraham wasn’t perfect by any means. He was human and had faults just as we do. Even though he was a man of FAITH, Abraham could be paranoid, fearful, and overprotective at times which made him look like a conniving liar.

Abraham went through the Kingdom of Gerar ruled by king Abimeleck, whose name means, “the Kingly Father.” Abraham knew how perverse men of his day could be and that they, especially kings would kill for a woman that they desired. So Abraham told a half-truth to protect him and Sarah. But nonetheless Sarah was taken into Abimelek’s harem and as a result ADONAI was going to kill Abimelek and make his women childless. Abimelek confronts Abraham with this deception and here we find that Abraham was RESPONISIBLE and ACCOUNTABLE. He was big enough to admit to his mistake and do what he could to make it right. Sometimes, ironically, it takes our faults to bring out our positive attributes.

Gen. 20:17-18  So Abraham prayed unto God: and God healed Abimelech, and his wife, and his maidservants; and they bare children. For the LORD had fast closed up all the wombs of the house of Abimelech, because of Sarah Abraham's wife. (KJV)

Let us end this Torah Portion with a pivotal passage in Judaism and Christianity. Unfortunately Muslims hold that is was Ishmael that was sacrificed and not Yitzhak (Isaac).


A devout Jew reads this passage every morning during Shacharit (Morning) prayers.  It’s called the Akeidah (The Binding):  It begins as such:

“Our Gbd and Gbd of our forefathers, remember us with a favorable memory before You, and recall us with a recollection of salvation and mercy from the primeval loftiest heavens.  Remember on our behalf – O Hashem, our God- the love of the patriarchs, Abraham, Isaac and Israel, Your servants; the covenant, the kindness, and the oath that You swore to our father Abraham at Mount Moriah, and the Akeidah, when he bound his son Isaac atop the altar, as it is written in Your Torah.”

22:1 “Tested” comes from the Hebrew word for a banner that you lift up for all to see.  Thus, the Sages of Blessed memory, Peace be upon them, said, “GOD “elevated” Abraham, trial upon trial, greatness after greatness.”

Rabbi Jonathan said, “A potter does not examine defective vessels, because he cannot give them a single blow without breaking them.  What then does he examine?  Only sound vessels, for he will not break them even with many blows.  Similarly the Holy One, Blessed be He, tests not the wicked but the righteous.”

James 1:1-4, 12-13 “James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad, greeting. My brethren, count it all joy when ye fall into divers temptations; Knowing this, that the trying of your faith worketh patience. But let patience have her perfect work, that ye may be perfect and entire, wanting nothing…Blessed is the man that endureth temptation: for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love him. Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of God: for God cannot be tempted with evil, neither tempteth he any man:” (KJV)

GOD tests, not tempts.
V.2    “Only”

 John 3:16For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.” (KJV)

“bring him up there as an offering…”  Literally: “Lift him up” Jn.8:28 says:

“When you have lifted up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am he…” Didn’t Yeshua say in Jn.12:32 that if He be lifted up, He’d draw all men unto him?

“…one of the Mountains” God is VERY specific.  He was referring to Mt. Moriah, because Mount Moriah IS Mt. Calvary, the same place the Red Heifer was reduced to ashes, and the same place Yeshua was crucified!

 Matt. 21:6-9 “And the disciples went, and did as Jesus commanded them, And brought the ass, and the colt, and put on them their clothes, and they set him thereon. And a very great multitude spread their garments in the way; others cut down branches from the trees, and strawed them in the way. And the multitudes that went before, and that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna to the son of David: Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the highest.” KJV)

V.3a Matt. 21:6-9 speaks of  The Triumphal Entry “This is the same donkey Moses rode into Egypt (Ex.4:20) and the same one Messiah will arrive on (Zech. 9:9).”  - Mishnah

“Two young men” Traditionally said to be Eliazar Abraham’s servant, and Ishmael, his son by Hagar.  They were in essence the two witnesses, and represented the two thieves on the cross next to Yeshua.

V.4   Despite what GOD told Abraham in verse 2, he believed Isaac would return with him.  Notice the “WE” statements.

Heb. 11:17-19 “By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac: and he that had received the promises offered up his only begotten son, Of whom it was said, That in Isaac shall thy seed be called: Accounting that God was able to raise him up, even from the dead; from whence also he received him in a figure.” (KJV)

3 days:  Traditionally it is said that Satan tempted and tried to trick Abraham and Isaac to try to either stop or invalidate the sacrifice.  Same thing happed to Yeshua in the wilderness after his Mikvah (Baptism).

“Afar off”:  Abraham saw the future sacrifice of Messiah.

John 8:56-59 “Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day: and he saw it, and was glad. Then said the Jews unto him, Thou art not yet fifty years old, and hast thou seen Abraham? Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am. Then took they up stones to cast at him: but Jesus hid himself, and went out of the temple, going through the midst of them, and so passed by.” (KJV)

V.6 Jn19:17 “And He (Yeshua) bearing his cross went forth into the place called: the Skull, which in Hebrew is called Golgotha…”  This is the same as Mt. Moriah.

“Went together” Amos 3:3 “How can two walk together unless they be in agreement?”

V.7-8 Mt.26:39 “O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me:  nevertheless not as I will, but as Thou wilt.”

When Yitzhak (Isaac) knew he’d be the sacrifice he said, “As the LORD lives and as thy soul lives, there is nothing in my heart to cause me to deviate either to the right or left from the word that GOD has spoken to thee.  Neither limb nor muscle hath moved or stirred on account of this.  But I am joyful and cheerful of heart in this matter, and I say, “Blessed is the LORD who has this day chosen me to be a burnt offering before Him.”

“GOD will seek out (take out “for”) HIMSELF, THE LAMB for the offering.”  Here GOD says not only that He will provide but He Himself will be the sacrifice, and indeed He was in Yeshua Ha Moshiach (The Messiah)!

“And the two of them went together.”  They are still in agreement.

V.9 “The place…”  God again is VERY specific to where He wants this done.  GOD must have been a realtor, “Location, Location, Location,” was so important in all He did.

“Built and altar there…”  “Abraham did build, while Isaac handed him stones and mortar until they finished erecting the altar.”  -Legends of the Bible

“He bound Yitzhak (Isaac)…”
Abraham 137 yrs.
Yitzhak (Isaac) 37yrs.
Yeshua 30’s also

Yitzhak (Isaac) MUST have been a willing sacrifice.  A 37 yr old can easily overtake and escape from a 137 year old if he wanted to.

We too must be a willing sacrifice for GOD. “Present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable unto GOD which is your reasonable act of worship.” Rom.12:1

Legends of the Bible says that Isaac said this: “Father, make haste, bare thine arm, and bind my hands and feet securely, for I am a young man, but 37 years of age, and thou and old man.  When I behold the slaughtering knife in thy hand, I may perhaps begin to tremble at the sight and push against thee, for the desire unto life is bold.  Also I may do myself injury and make myself unfit to be sacrificed.  I adjure you therefore my father, make haste, execute the will of the Creator, and delay not.  Turn up thy garments, gird thy loins, and after thou hast slaughtered me, burn me to fine ashes.”

As in verse 3, Yitzhak (Isaac) was to be a “Burnt Offering” an “Olah” the highest order of Levitical sacrifices.

1.    The throat was slit.
2.    Blood was caught and sprinkled on the Altar.
3.    The Body was divided into pieces as prescribed by Oral Torah.
4.    The pieces were placed on the Altar.
5.    The pieces were wholly consumed by fire and reduced to ashes.

None of this, “Plunging the knife into the heart” stuff you see in Christian paintings of the Akeidah.

Abraham was not only going to slit his son’s throat from ear to ear, but was going to disembowel and dismember his own son, THEN he was going to burn him to ashes!   And as it says in Hebrews 11:17-19, Abraham literally believed GOD would resurrect Yitzhak (Isaac) from that!  The Shulamite woman in II Kings 4 believed that through Elisha Ha Navi (Elisha the Prophet) her boy (who like Isaac and like Yeshua was of a miraculous birth) could be resurrected!

Before the Akeidah, Abraham was said to have asked GOD: “Am I fit to perform the sacrifice, am I a priest?  Ought rather the High Priest Shem (Noah’s son) to do it?”  GOD replied: “When thou wilt arrive at THE place, I will consecrate thee and make thee a priest.”

 Ps.110:4, Heb.5:6; 6:20; 7:17, 21 say that Yeshua is the High Priest forever after the order of Melchezidek.

We as Natsari Jews know that the Melchezidek priesthood DID NOT replace the Levitical priesthood, but is rather a higher and older order of priesthood.
So, could Abraham have been a Melchezideckian priest?  After all Yeshua IS!

V.10 “Abraham stretched out his hand, and took the knife to slaughter his son.”

NOT raised it to plunge it into his chest, BUT simply reached to grab the knife. And or STRECHED out his hand to make a baracha (Blessing) as would be traditional before a sacrifice.  And or STRECHED out his hand in preparation to slit his sons throat.

V.11-12 “Abraham, Abraham…”  Rashi says his name was repeated twice to express love and urgency.

Could be:  Abraham?  (As in, where are you? I need your attention.) Abraham! (As in, to get his attention.)

V.13 Rams often feed in thickets and while feeding it was easy for them to get their horns tangled up in the branches.

The Ram had to have had his horns caught in the thicket.  Why?  Because if the ram would have been cut or gouged by the ticket, it would have rendered the ram blemished and invalid as a sacrifice.  This is a foreshadowing of Yeshua, he was that substitute sacrifice in our place and He wore a crown of thorns on is head!

The Ram’s horns:  Legend has it that after the sacrifice GOD took the two horns of the ram to heaven and made shofars out of them. One was bigger than the other.  The smaller one was blown at the giving of the Torah on Mt. Sinai.  Which was on Rosh Hashanah, as was the Akeidah.   The Bigger One will be blown when the Messiah returns!  This too will occur around Rosh Hashanah (I Cor.15:52; I Thess. 4:16).

And Abraham called the name of that place Jehovahjireh: as it is said to this day, In the mount of the Lord it shall be seen.

V.14 “YHWH Yireh”
Shem called the place “Salem
Abraham called it “Yireh”

Which was the same place the red Heifer was burnt, the same place Yeshua was crucified.  You put the two names together you get; “Yerushalayim”!
I Kings 9:3 “And ADONAI said to him (Sholomo Melek/King Solomon) I have heard thy prayer and thy supplication, that thou hast made before Me: I have hallowed this house which thou has built, to put My name there FOREVER (not until Messiah comes); AND MINE EYES AND MINE HEART SHALL BE THERE PERPETUALLY.

So Abraham returned unto his young men, and they rose up and went together to Beersheba; and Abraham dwelt at Beersheba.

V.19 “Abraham” NOT “Abraham and Yitzhak (Isaac)”

There are two traditions concerning this verse:

1.     Yitzhak (Isaac) ascended to heaven for 3 years.
2.    He went to go study Torah with Shem.

I believe the second tradition. For another tradition says that when he went to take Yitzhak (Isaac) from Sarah, he told here he was taking him to study *Torah with Shem, but did not tell her about his intentions to sacrifice Yitzhak so as not to worry Sarah, and or cause her to refuse to let Yitzhak go.

*(We know the Torah as we know it ( the 5 books of Moses) was not written yet, but Torah was then orally transmitted from God to Adam to Seth on down to Shem and Abraham.)

1.    So, He believed GOD would resurrect Isaac from ashes.
2.    He was a Godly man and kept his word to Sarah and sent him to study Torah with Shem after the Akeidah.

Shem died at 600 years of age, and was only 390 when Abraham was born.  So Shem would have been 527 when Abraham sent Isaac to study Torah with him.

Remember that a devote Jew recites this passage every morning, and we began this reading with the start of the traditional prayer?  Now that the passage has been recited the recitation ends with this prayer.

Master of the Universe! May it be Your will, ADONAI, or God, and the God of our forefathers, that You remember for our sake the covenant of our forefathers.  Just as Abraham our forefather suppressed his mercy for his only son and wished to slaughter him in order to do Your will, so may Your mercy suppress Your anger from upon us and may Your mercy overwhelm Your attributes. May You overstep with us the line of Your law and deal with us – O ADONAI, our God- with the attribute of kindness and the attribute of mercy.  In Your great goodness may You turn aside Your burning wrath from your people, Your city, Your land, and Your heritage.  Fulfill for us, ADONAI, our God, the word You pledged through Moses, Your servant, as it is said: ‘I shall remember My covenant with Jacob, also My covenant with Isaac, and also my covenant with Abraham shall I remember; and the land shall I remember.’

And I say, “Thank You for doing so in Yeshua Moshieynu (Yeshua our Messiah), Ba Shem (in the Name of )Yeshua Moshieynu, Ameyn!

Ishmael’s Akeidah

Everyday in prayer, once a year in our Torah Portion and every Yom Teruah (Rosh HaShannah) we read of the Akeidah. Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice Isaac upon God’s command and we know Isaac was spared becoming a burnt offering because of the Ram that was caught by it’s horns in the bushes and Abraham ended up offering the Ram instead of his son. All of this because Isaac is the Promised One and the Covenant made by God with Abraham was destined to be carried on through Isaac and his descendants. However, we know of is first born through Hagar named Ishmael. If one reads the Torah carefully you will see Ishmael too was loved by God, regardless of what is descendants may have become today and all the promises given to Isaac, save the Covenant, was given to Ishmael:

Gen. 17:17-21 Then Abraham fell upon his face, and laughed, and said in his heart, Shall a child be born unto him that is an hundred years old? and shall Sarah, that is ninety years old, bear? And Abraham said unto God, O that Ishmael might live before thee! And God said, Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a son indeed; and thou shalt call his name Isaac: and I will establish my covenant with him for an everlasting covenant, and with his seed after him. And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation. But my covenant will I establish with Isaac, which Sarah shall bear unto thee at this set time in the next year.

We see that:
·       Ishmael’s Akeidah happened before Isaacs.
·       Instead of Avraham it was Hagar, though Abraham too was grieved.
·       Instead of a burnt offering it was death by thirst.
·       Instead of a Ram as salvation it was the water well.
·       Tradition says Isaac went to study with Shem after the Akeidah, we see Ishmael becomes and Archer
·       Isaac marries shortly after the Akeidah, as does Ishmael.
·       Isaac was in his 30’s and Ishmael was in his teens.

 Gen. 21:10-21 Wherefore she said unto Abraham, Cast out this bondwoman and her son: for the son of this bondwoman shall not be heir with my son, even with Isaac. And the thing was very grievous in Abraham's sight because of his son. And God said unto Abraham, Let it not be grievous in thy sight because of the lad, and because of thy bondwoman; in all that Sarah hath said unto thee, hearken unto her voice; for in Isaac shall thy seed be called. And also of the son of the bondwoman will I make a nation, because he is thy seed. And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and took bread, and a bottle of water, and gave it unto Hagar, putting it on her shoulder, and the child, and sent her away: and she departed, and wandered in the wilderness of Beersheba. And the water was spent in the bottle, and she cast the child under one of the shrubs. And she went, and sat her down over against him a good way off, as it were a bow shot: for she said, Let me not see the death of the child. And she sat over against him, and lift up her voice, and wept. And God heard the voice of the lad; and the angel of God called to Hagar out of heaven, and said unto her, What aileth thee, Hagar? fear not; for God hath heard the voice of the lad where he is. Arise, lift up the lad, and hold him in thine hand; for I will make him a great nation. And God opened her eyes, and she saw a well of water; and she went, and filled the bottle with water, and gave the lad drink. And God was with the lad; and he grew, and dwelt in the wilderness, and became an archer. And he dwelt in the wilderness of Paran: and his mother took him a wife out of the land of Egypt.

According to the Book of Jasher, Abraham went into the wilderness to visit Ishmael several times and Ishmael still loved and followed after the ways of Abraham and his God and took his counsel. We see in the Torah that Isaac and Ishmael reconcile at the death of their Father.

Gen 25:8-10 Then Abraham gave up the ghost, and died in a good old age, an old man, and full of years; and was gathered to his people. And his sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah, in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar the Hittite, which is before Mamre; The field which Abraham purchased of the sons of Heth: there was Abraham buried, and Sarah his wife.

Ishmael is thought and is claimed to be the Muslim people. Ishmael is our cousin, Oh to God that we may bring him back to the God and faith of Avraham Avinu (Abraham our Father)! So be it LORD! So be it! Ameyn!

In this Parashah we see Abraham is a man of DEDICATION and RESPONSIBILITY and ACCOUNTIBILITY in addition to the attributes we learned about Abraham from last week.

This concludes our Torah Portion for this week, I hope and pray it was a blessing to you and you were able to take something profitable away from it.

Shabbat Shalom and Shavuah Tov!
–  Yehudah ben Shomeyr

RaYBaSH’s Haftarah Hashings
Parashah # 4: Vayeira: “And He Appeared”
II Kings 4:1-37
By: Yehudah ben Shomeyr

This Haftarah Portion links the Parasha through the Akedah (the Binding) of Isaac, for Abraham believed that God would raise Isaac up from the ash heap of a burnt offering that Isaac was supposed to become (Heb.11). And so too this woman who miraculously gave birth to a one and only son. Elisha was like God to this woman, informing her; like God informed Abraham and Sarah they were to have a son.

II Kings 4:11-17 And it fell on a day, that he came thither, and he turned into the chamber, and lay there. And he said to Gehazi his servant, Call this Shunammite. And when he had called her, she stood before him. And he said unto him, Say now unto her, Behold, thou hast been careful for us with all this care; what is to be done for thee? wouldest thou be spoken for to the king, or to the captain of the host? And she answered, I dwell among mine own people. And he said, What then is to be done for her? And Gehazi answered, Verily she hath no child, and her husband is old. And he said, Call her. And when he had called her, she stood in the door. And he said, About this season, according to the time of life, thou shalt embrace a son. And she said, Nay, my lord, thou man of God, do not lie unto thine handmaid. And the woman conceived, and bare a son at that season that Elisha had said unto her, according to the time of life.

And just as Abraham lost or thought he was to loose Isaac for a time, yet he knew his son would be resurrected to him, so the Shunammite woman believed this as well.

II Kings 4:18-37 And when the child was grown, it fell on a day, that he went out to his father to the reapers. And he said unto his father, My head, my head. And he said to a lad, Carry him to his mother. And when he had taken him, and brought him to his mother, he sat on her knees till noon, and then died. And she went up, and laid him on the bed of the man of God, and shut the door upon him, and went out. And she called unto her husband, and said, Send me, I pray thee, one of the young men, and one of the asses, that I may run to the man of God, and come again. And he said, Wherefore wilt thou go to him to day? it is neither new moon, nor sabbath. And she said, It shall be well. Then she saddled an ass, and said to her servant, Drive, and go forward; slack not thy riding for me, except I bid thee. So she went and came unto the man of God to mount Carmel. And it came to pass, when the man of God saw her afar off, that he said to Gehazi his servant, Behold, yonder is that Shunammite: Run now, I pray thee, to meet her, and say unto her, Is it well with thee? is it well with thy husband? is it well with the child? And she answered, It is well: And when she came to the man of God to the hill, she caught him by the feet: but Gehazi came near to thrust her away. And the man of God said, Let her alone; for her soul is vexed within her: and the LORD hath hid it from me, and hath not told me. Then she said, Did I desire a son of my lord? did I not say, Do not deceive me? Then he said to Gehazi, Gird up thy loins, and take my staff in thine hand, and go thy way: if thou meet any man, salute him not; and if any salute thee, answer him not again: and lay my staff upon the face of the child. And the mother of the child said, As the LORD liveth, and as thy soul liveth, I will not leave thee. And he arose, and followed her. And Gehazi passed on before them, and laid the staff upon the face of the child; but there was neither voice, nor hearing. Wherefore he went again to meet him, and told him, saying, The child is not awaked. And when Elisha was come into the house, behold, the child was dead, and laid upon his bed. He went in therefore, and shut the door upon them twain, and prayed unto the LORD. And he went up, and lay upon the child, and put his mouth upon his mouth, and his eyes upon his eyes, and his hands upon his hands: and stretched himself upon the child; and the flesh of the child waxed warm. Then he returned, and walked in the house to and fro; and went up, and stretched himself upon him: and the child sneezed seven times, and the child opened his eyes. And he called Gehazi, and said, Call this Shunammite. So he called her. And when she was come in unto him, he said, Take up thy son. Then she went in, and fell at his feet, and bowed herself to the ground, and took up her son, and went out.

WOW! What steadfast souls of miraculous faith Abraham and this Shunammite woman had. Indeed they are more righteous than I, for I dare say I don’t think I would have a resurrection type faith if I were in their sandals.

Faith to move mountains is one thing (Matt. 17:20, 21:21), Faith to raise the dead seems quite another!

“Oh, ADONAI! May we achieve this type of Faith. For I fear we will need it in days ahead. B’shem Yeshua Ha Moshiach, Ameyn (In the Name of Yeshua the Messiah, Amen)!”

Shabbat Shalom and Shavuah Tov!
-Yehudah ben Shomeyr

RaYBaSH’s Brit Chadashah Connections
Parashah # 4: Vayeira: “And He Appeared”
Hebrews 13:1-2, John 11:38-45
By: Yehudah ben Shomeyr

We read in our Torah Portion about the angels visiting Abraham announcing the birth of Isaac.

In the Haftarah Portion Elisha Ha Navi (The Prophet) is a type of angel (for angel in Hebrew simply means, messenger) for he too delivers the message of a miraculous birth.

As Natsarim (Nazarenes) we can’t help but think of the angels who announced the birth of Messiah Yeshua (Luke 2).

All three; Isaac, the Shunammite woman’s son, and Lazarus, died and or was as good as dead, and all three resurrected!

Remember what Moshiach (Messiah) said to Martha regarding his close friend Lazarus who also died?

John 11:38-45 Jesus therefore again groaning in himself cometh to the grave. It was a cave, and a stone lay upon it. Jesus said, Take ye away the stone. Martha, the sister of him that was dead, saith unto him, Lord, by this time he stinketh: for he hath been dead four days. Jesus saith unto her, Said I not unto thee, that, if thou wouldest believe, thou shouldest see the glory of God? Then they took away the stone from the place where the dead was laid. And Jesus lifted up his eyes, and said, Father, I thank thee that thou hast heard me. And I knew that thou hearest me always: but because of the people which stand by I said it, that they may believe that thou hast sent me. And when he thus had spoken, he cried with a loud voice, Lazarus, come forth. And he that was dead came forth, bound hand and foot with graveclothes: and his face was bound about with a napkin. Jesus saith unto them, Loose him, and let him go. Then many of the Jews which came to Mary, and had seen the things which Jesus did, believed on him.

For something to be truly yours, truly ordained by God and entrusted in your care, we have to find satisfaction in the possibility that it may not actually coming to pass. That ministry idea that burns inside you and it seems it will never come to fruition. Just remember who is the Resurrection and the Life. And don’t be surprised that that thing you though was as good as dead, doesn’t rise after all and even out lives you!

Shabbat Shalom and Shavuah Tov!
-- Yehudah ben Shomeyr